Where: The memorial of the victims of communism (in Czech: Pomník obětem komunismu) is located at the base of Petřín hill on Újezd street. GPS: 50.081164, 14.403984.
What: It shows a series of originally 7 bronze statues on a flight of 26 stairs. The statue in the front is complete but with every step the statues deteriorate more and more. It symbolizes the suffering felt by the victims of the Communist regime. The vertical bronze strip along the center shows the estimated people impacted by communism. It reads – Victims of Communism 1948-1989:
- 205 486 condemned
- 248 executed
- 4500 died in prisons
- 327 perished at the border
- 170 938 people emigrated.
The ceremonial unveiling of the memorial was on the 22nd of May 2002.
Who: The memorial is the work of Czech sculptor Olbram Zoubek (21 April 1926 – 15 June 2017) and architects Jan Kerel and Zdenek Hoelzel.
Where: Jindřicha Plachty street, in Prague 5 on building number 3. Close to Smíchovská náplavka. GPS: 50.070823, 14.409652
What: On the plaque is written: “Here lived and were arrested František Pecháček wonderful Sokol worker, commander of the resistance organisation “Jindra” and his wife Milka Pecháčková. They were tortured to death in concentration camp Mauthausen, They sacrificed there lives for the freedom of the nation.”
Who: František Pecháček was a Czech gymnast who competed for Czechoslovakia in the 1920 Summer Olympics. During Wold War II František and his wife Milka were members the resistance organisation called “Jindra”. Illegal meetings were held in their apartment including meetings with the paratroopers responsible for the assassination of SS Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich in 1942.
As a retaliation for the successful assassination, the Nazis arrested large numbers of people who were interrogated, tortured and sent to concentration camps. František and Milka were among them. Both were arrested by the Gestapo and interrogated. Milka was later released, to hopefully lead the Gestapo to other members of the group. After she did not, she was arrested again.
The couple never met again. Both were sent to the concentration camp Mauthausen in Austria, though at different times. Milka was killed in the gas chamber on the 26th of January 1943 and František was executed om the 3rd of February 1944.
Where: Just outside of Krizikova Metro station on Thámova street in the district of Karlin, Prague 8. GPS: 50.093237, 14.451936
What: The sculpture is named “Trialog” and the artist is Matěj Frank. It shows metal shapes of 3 people connected with pipes. The purpose of the sculpture is to be an interactive installation that invites people to test the complexity of collective communication. The sculpture was part of 2017’s M³ festival/Art in Space in the district of Karlin.
Who: Matěj Frank born in 1989 and is a Czech artist. In his work he deals mainly with the concept of space-time-motion-body and is also very interested in the conjunction between image and sound. Besides sculptures he is not shy to move to different forms of art like drawing, sound and performance art.
Where: On Arbesovo Namesti, which is in Prague 5, Smichov. GPS 50.076497, 14.405200. This is also walking distance from the bust of Frantisek Langer
Where: On the corner of Preslova street and Náměstí 14. října (14th of October square) in Smichov, Prague 5. GPS 50.073166, 14.408125
What: It is a bust of Frantisek Langer with the text “In this house lived from 1945 to 1965 František Langer, writer”. The bust was created by Kurt Gebauer and was unveiled on the 2nd of August 1995.
Who: Frantisek Langer (3rd of March 1888 – 2nd of August 1965) was a physician and writer, and considered one of the best Czech dramatists of the interwar period.
As a physician Langer served in the Czechoslovak Legions in Russia during World War I. After the war, he served in the medical corps of the Czech army and continued his literary career. His most notable works are: Velbloud uchem jehly (1923; The Camel Through the Needle’s Eye), a comedy about lower-class life. Periferie (1925; “The Outskirts”), a psychological drama and Jízdní hlídka (1935; “The Cavalry Watch”) which was based upon his experiences with the legion.
In 1939 Langer went to England and spent World War II as a member of the Czechoslovakian army abroad (brigade general). He only returned to his home after World War II. The postwar Communist government did not allow him to publish new work until the late 1950s.
Where: Palackého námesti, near Palackého bridge. GPS 50.073167, 14.414865
What: This large statue is in honour of František Palacký. the construction started in 1901 and was unveiled in 1912. The bronze statues, around a sitting František represent the oppression and awakening of the people. The inscription reads “From the resurrected Nation, to its revivalist and leader”
Who: František Palacký (4 June 1798 – 26 May 1876) was a Czech historian and politician and considered one of the most influential persons of the Czech National Revival. The purpose of this movement was to revive Czech language culture and national identity. He is one of three men honored with the title ‘Father of the Nation’, the other two being the 14th-century emperor Charles IV and the first President of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk.
Where: At Janáčkově nábřeží 33, near the Vlatva river, close to Jiráskův bridge on the side of Smichov. GPS: 50.077748, 14.408048
What: There is a plaque with the text “Zdenek Nejedly lived in this house from May 1945 until his death in march 1962”.
Who: Zdenek Nejedly was the first Minister of Culture and Education in the early years of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, after 1948. His ideas have dominated the cultural life of the Czech Republic for most of the twentieth century. He is buried at Vyšehrad cemetery.
Where: If you walk on Naplavka (riverside) just look above the public toilets next to Palackého bridge (also not forget to check out the Foot). Or if you are at the start of the Palackého bridge coming from the Palackého square where you can see the Palacky monument just look down to your right. GPS: 50.073295, 14.413726
What: the statue is named “Baletka” or Ballerina in English. It is made from metal and she is been at Naplavka from 2008.
Who: the sculptor is Monika Havlíčková, born in 1975. Her sculptures are mainly based on classic designs, especially human and horse figures. Besides this sculpture you can find more of her work throughout Prague.